A GAN-based Semantic Communication for Text without CSI

Jin Mao, Ke Xiong, Ming Liu, Zhijin Qin, Wei Chen, Pingyi Fan, Khaled Ben Letaief
Computer Science, Information Theory, Information Theory (cs.IT)
2023-12-28 00:00:00
Recently, semantic communication (SC) has been regarded as one of the potential paradigms of 6G. Current SC frameworks require channel state information (CSI) to handle severe signal distortion induced by channel fading. Since the channel estimation overhead for obtaining CSI cannot be neglected, we therefore propose a generative adversarial network (GAN) based SC framework (Ti-GSC) that doesn't require CSI. In Ti-GSC, two main modules, i.e., an autoencoder-based encoder-decoder module (AEDM) and a GAN-based signal distortion suppression module (GSDSM) are included where AEDM first encodes the data at the source before transmission, and then GSDSM suppresses the distortion of the received signals in both syntactic and semantic dimensions at the destination. At last, AEDM decodes the distortion-suppressed signal at the destination. To measure signal distortion, syntactic distortion and semantic distortion terms are newly added to the total loss function. To achieve better training results, joint optimization-based training (JOT) and alternating optimization-based training (AOT) are designed for the proposed Ti-GSC. Experimental results show that JOT is more efficient for Ti-GSC. Moreover, without CSI, bilingual evaluation understudy (BLEU) score achieved by Ti-GSC is about 40% and 62% higher than that achieved by existing SC frameworks in Rician and Rayleigh fading, respectively. (*Due to the notification of arXiv "The Abstract field cannot be longer than 1,920 characters", the appeared Abstract is shortened. For the full Abstract, please download the Article.)
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