APRICOT: Acuity Prediction in Intensive Care Unit (ICU): Predicting Stability, Transitions, and Life-Sustaining Therapies

Miguel Contreras, Brandon Silva, Benjamin Shickel, Tezcan Ozrazgat Baslanti, Yuanfang Ren, Ziyuan Guan, Sabyasachi Bandyopadhyay, Kia Khezeli, Azra Bihorac, Parisa Rashidi
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence, Artificial Intelligence (cs.AI)
2023-11-02 16:00:00
The acuity state of patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) can quickly change from stable to unstable, sometimes leading to life-threatening conditions. Early detection of deteriorating conditions can result in providing more timely interventions and improved survival rates. Current approaches rely on manual daily assessments. Some data-driven approaches have been developed, that use mortality as a proxy of acuity in the ICU. However, these methods do not integrate acuity states to determine the stability of a patient or the need for life-sustaining therapies. In this study, we propose APRICOT (Acuity Prediction in Intensive Care Unit), a Transformer-based neural network to predict acuity state in real-time in ICU patients. We develop and extensively validate externally, temporally, and prospectively the APRICOT model on three large datasets: University of Florida Health (UFH), eICU Collaborative Research Database (eICU), and Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care (MIMIC)-IV. The performance of APRICOT shows comparable results to state-of-the-art mortality prediction models (external AUROC 0.93-0.93, temporal AUROC 0.96-0.98, and prospective AUROC 0.98) as well as acuity prediction models (external AUROC 0.80-0.81, temporal AUROC 0.77-0.78, and prospective AUROC 0.87). Furthermore, APRICOT can make predictions for the need for life-sustaining therapies, showing comparable results to state-of-the-art ventilation prediction models (external AUROC 0.80-0.81, temporal AUROC 0.87-0.88, and prospective AUROC 0.85), and vasopressor prediction models (external AUROC 0.82-0.83, temporal AUROC 0.73-0.75, prospective AUROC 0.87). This tool allows for real-time acuity monitoring of a patient and can provide helpful information to clinicians to make timely interventions. Furthermore, the model can suggest life-sustaining therapies that the patient might need in the next hours in the ICU.
PDF: APRICOT: Acuity Prediction in Intensive Care Unit (ICU): Predicting Stability, Transitions, and Life-Sustaining Therapies.pdf
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