Channel-Transferable Semantic Communications for Multi-User OFDM-NOMA Systems

Lan Lin, Wenjun Xu, Fengyu Wang, Yimeng Zhang, Wei Zhang, Ping Zhang
Computer Science, Information Theory, Information Theory (cs.IT), Signal Processing (eess.SP)
2023-12-06 00:00:00
Semantic communications are expected to become the core new paradigms of the sixth generation (6G) wireless networks. Most existing works implicitly utilize channel information for codecs training, which leads to poor communications when channel type or statistical characteristics change. To tackle this issue posed by various channels, a novel channel-transferable semantic communications (CT-SemCom) framework is proposed, which adapts the codecs learned on one type of channel to other types of channels. Furthermore, integrating the proposed framework and the orthogonal frequency division multiplexing systems integrating non-orthogonal multiple access technologies, i.e., OFDM-NOMA systems, a power allocation problem to realize the transfer from additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channels to multi-subcarrier Rayleigh fading channels is formulated. We then design a semantics-similar dual transformation (SSDT) algorithm to derive analytical solutions with low complexity. Simulation results show that the proposed CT-SemCom framework with SSDT algorithm significantly outperforms the existing work w.r.t. channel transferability, e.g., the peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR) of image transmission improves by 4.2-7.3 dB under different variances of Rayleigh fading channels.
PDF: Channel-Transferable Semantic Communications for Multi-User OFDM-NOMA Systems.pdf
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