Diffusion Models Trained with Large Data Are Transferable Visual Models

Guangkai Xu, Yongtao Ge, Mingyu Liu, Chengxiang Fan, Kangyang Xie, Zhiyue Zhao, Hao Chen, Chunhua Shen
Computer Science, Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (cs.CV)
2024-03-10 00:00:00
We show that, simply initializing image understanding models using a pre-trained UNet (or transformer) of diffusion models, it is possible to achieve remarkable transferable performance on fundamental vision perception tasks using a moderate amount of target data (even synthetic data only), including monocular depth, surface normal, image segmentation, matting, human pose estimation, among virtually many others. Previous works have adapted diffusion models for various perception tasks, often reformulating these tasks as generation processes to align with the diffusion process. In sharp contrast, we demonstrate that fine-tuning these models with minimal adjustments can be a more effective alternative, offering the advantages of being embarrassingly simple and significantly faster. As the backbone network of Stable Diffusion models is trained on giant datasets comprising billions of images, we observe very robust generalization capabilities of the diffusion backbone. Experimental results showcase the remarkable transferability of the backbone of diffusion models across diverse tasks and real-world datasets.
PDF: Diffusion Models Trained with Large Data Are Transferable Visual Models.pdf
Empowered by ChatGPT