Distributed Resilient Interval Observer Synthesis for Nonlinear Discrete-Time Systems

Author:

Mohammad Khajenejad, Scott Brown, Sonia Martinez

Keyword:

Computer Science, Systems and Control, Systems and Control (eess.SY)

journal:

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date:

2024-01-27 00:00:00

Abstract

This paper introduces a novel recursive distributed estimation algorithm aimed at synthesizing input and state interval observers for nonlinear bounded-error discrete-time multi-agent systems. The considered systems have sensors and actuators that are susceptible to unknown or adversarial inputs. To solve this problem, we first identify conditions that allow agents to obtain nonlinear bounded-error equations characterizing the input. Then, we propose a distributed interval-valued observer that is guaranteed to contain the disturbance and system states. To do this, we first detail a gain design procedure that uses global problem data to minimize an upper bound on the $\ell_1$ norm of the observer error. We then propose a gain design approach that does not require global information, using only values that are local to each agent. The second method improves on the computational tractability of the first, at the expense of some added conservatism. Further, we discuss some possible ways of extending the results to a broader class of systems. We conclude by demonstrating our observer on two examples. The first is a unicycle system, for which we apply the first gain design method. The second is a 145-bus power system, which showcases the benefits of the second method, due to the first approach being intractable for systems with high dimensional state spaces.