Dual policy as self-model for planning

Jaesung Yoo, Fernanda de la Torre, Guangyu Robert Yang
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence, Artificial Intelligence (cs.AI), Machine Learning (cs.LG)
2023-06-06 16:00:00
Planning is a data efficient decision-making strategy where an agent selects candidate actions by exploring possible future states. To simulate future states when there is a high-dimensional action space, the knowledge of one's decision making strategy must be used to limit the number of actions to be explored. We refer to the model used to simulate one's decisions as the agent's self-model. While self-models are implicitly used widely in conjunction with world models to plan actions, it remains unclear how self-models should be designed. Inspired by current reinforcement learning approaches and neuroscience, we explore the benefits and limitations of using a distilled policy network as the self-model. In such dual-policy agents, a model-free policy and a distilled policy are used for model-free actions and planned actions, respectively. Our results on a ecologically relevant, parametric environment indicate that distilled policy network for self-model stabilizes training, has faster inference than using model-free policy, promotes better exploration, and could learn a comprehensive understanding of its own behaviors, at the cost of distilling a new network apart from the model-free policy.
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