Dynamic MIMO Architecture Design for Near-Field Communications

Zheng Zhang, Yuanwei Liu, Zhaolin Wang, Jian Chen, Tony Q. S. Quek
Computer Science, Information Theory, Information Theory (cs.IT), Signal Processing (eess.SP)
2023-12-25 00:00:00
A novel dynamic hybrid beamforming architecture is proposed to achieve the spatial multiplexing-power consumption tradeoff for near-field multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) networks, where each radio frequency (RF) chain is connected to each antenna using a couple of independent phase shifters to reduce the number of required RF chains. Based on this architecture, an optimization problem is formulated that maximizes the sum of achievable rates while minimizing the hardware power consumption. Both continuous and discrete phase shifters are considered. 1) For continuous phase shifters, a weighted minimum mean-square error-based two-stage (WMMSE-TS) algorithm is proposed, where the same performance as the optimal fully-digital beamformer can be achieved by the proposed hybrid beamformer even if the number of RF chains equals the number of data streams. 2) For discrete phase shifters, a penalty-based layered iterative (PLI) algorithm is proposed. The closed-form analog and baseband digital beamformers are derived in each iteration. Simulation results demonstrate that: 1) the proposed dynamic beamforming architecture outperforms the conventional fixed hybrid beamforming architecture in terms of spatial multiplexing-power consumption tradeoff, and 2) the proposed algorithms achieve better performance than the other baseline schemes.
PDF: Dynamic MIMO Architecture Design for Near-Field Communications.pdf
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