EarthLoc: Astronaut Photography Localization by Indexing Earth from Space

Gabriele Berton, Alex Stoken, Barbara Caputo, Carlo Masone
Computer Science, Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (cs.CV)
2024-03-11 00:00:00
Astronaut photography, spanning six decades of human spaceflight, presents a unique Earth observations dataset with immense value for both scientific research and disaster response. Despite its significance, accurately localizing the geographical extent of these images, crucial for effective utilization, poses substantial challenges. Current manual localization efforts are time-consuming, motivating the need for automated solutions. We propose a novel approach - leveraging image retrieval - to address this challenge efficiently. We introduce innovative training techniques, including Year-Wise Data Augmentation and a Neutral-Aware Multi-Similarity Loss, which contribute to the development of a high-performance model, EarthLoc. We develop six evaluation datasets and perform a comprehensive benchmark comparing EarthLoc to existing methods, showcasing its superior efficiency and accuracy. Our approach marks a significant advancement in automating the localization of astronaut photography, which will help bridge a critical gap in Earth observations data. Code and datasets are available at
PDF: EarthLoc: Astronaut Photography Localization by Indexing Earth from Space.pdf
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