End-to-End Deep Learning for TDD MIMO Systems in the 6G Upper Midbands

Juseong Park, Foad Sohrabi, Amitava Ghosh, Jeffrey G. Andrews
Computer Science, Information Theory, Information Theory (cs.IT), Signal Processing (eess.SP)
2024-02-01 00:00:00
This paper proposes and analyzes novel deep learning methods for downlink (DL) single-user multiple-input multiple-output (SU-MIMO) and multi-user MIMO (MU-MIMO) systems operating in time division duplex (TDD) mode. A motivating application is the 6G upper midbands (7-24 GHz), where the base station (BS) antenna arrays are large, user equipment (UE) array sizes are moderate, and theoretically optimal approaches are practically infeasible for several reasons. To deal with uplink (UL) pilot overhead and low signal power issues, we introduce the channel-adaptive pilot, as part of an analog channel state information feedback mechanism. Deep neural network (DNN)-generated pilots are used to linearly transform the UL channel matrix into lower-dimensional latent vectors. Meanwhile, the BS employs a second DNN that processes the received UL pilots to directly generate near-optimal DL precoders. The training is end-to-end which exploits synergies between the two DNNs. For MU-MIMO precoding, we propose a DNN structure inspired by theoretically optimum linear precoding. The proposed methods are evaluated against genie-aided upper bounds and conventional approaches, using realistic upper midband datasets. Numerical results demonstrate the potential of our approach to achieve significantly increased sum-rate, particularly at moderate to high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and when UL pilot overhead is constrained.
PDF: End-to-End Deep Learning for TDD MIMO Systems in the 6G Upper Midbands.pdf
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