EvoGPT-f: An Evolutionary GPT Framework for Benchmarking Formal Math Languages

Johnathan Mercer
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence, Artificial Intelligence (cs.AI), Computation and Language (cs.CL), Machine Learning (cs.LG), Neural and Evolutionary Computing (cs.NE)
2024-02-12 00:00:00
Formal mathematics is the discipline of translating mathematics into a programming language in which any statement can be unequivocally checked by a computer. Mathematicians and computer scientists have spent decades of painstaking formalization efforts developing languages such as Coq, HOL, and Lean. Machine learning research has converged on these formal math corpora and given rise to an assortment of methodologies to aid in interactive and automated theorem proving. However, these papers have primarily focused on one method, for one proof task, in one language. This paper introduces EvoGPT-f: a novel evolutionary framework for the first systematic quantitative analysis of the differential machine learnability of five formal math corpora (Lean 3, Lean 4, Coq, HOL 4, HOL Light) using four tokenization methods (character, word-level, Byte Pair Encoding and StarCoder tokenizer). This paper does not put to rest the question of the "best" or "easiest" language to learn. Rather, this framework and preliminary findings begin to illuminate the differential machine learnability of these languages, offering a foundation to forge more systematic quantitative and qualitative comparative research across communities.
PDF: EvoGPT-f: An Evolutionary GPT Framework for Benchmarking Formal Math Languages.pdf
Empowered by ChatGPT