Exact algorithms and heuristics for capacitated covering salesman problems

Lucas Porto Maziero, Fábio Luiz Usberti, Celso Cavellucci
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence, Artificial Intelligence (cs.AI)
2024-03-03 00:00:00
This paper introduces the Capacitated Covering Salesman Problem (CCSP), approaching the notion of service by coverage in capacitated vehicle routing problems. In CCSP, locations where vehicles can transit are provided, some of which have customers with demands. The objective is to service customers through a fleet of vehicles based in a depot, minimizing the total distance traversed by the vehicles. CCSP is unique in the sense that customers, to be serviced, do not need to be visited by a vehicle. Instead, they can be serviced if they are within a coverage area of the vehicle. This assumption is motivated by applications in which some customers are unreachable (e.g., forbidden access to vehicles) or visiting every customer is impractical. In this work, optimization methodologies are proposed for the CCSP based on ILP (Integer Linear Programming) and BRKGA (Biased Random-Key Genetic Algorithm) metaheuristic. Computational experiments conducted on a benchmark of instances for the CCSP evaluate the performance of the methodologies with respect to primal bounds. Furthermore, our ILP formulation is extended in order to create a novel MILP (Mixed Integer Linear Programming) for the Multi-Depot Covering Tour Vehicle Routing Problem (MDCTVRP). Computational experiments show that the extended MILP formulation outperformed the previous state-of-the-art exact approach with respect to optimality gaps. In particular, optimal solutions were obtained for several previously unsolved instances.
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