Fast Peer Adaptation with Context-aware Exploration

Long Ma, Yuanfei Wang, Fangwei Zhong, Song-Chun Zhu, Yizhou Wang
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence, Artificial Intelligence (cs.AI), Machine Learning (cs.LG), Multiagent Systems (cs.MA)
2024-02-04 00:00:00
Fast adapting to unknown peers (partners or opponents) with different strategies is a key challenge in multi-agent games. To do so, it is crucial for the agent to efficiently probe and identify the peer's strategy, as this is the prerequisite for carrying out the best response in adaptation. However, it is difficult to explore the strategies of unknown peers, especially when the games are partially observable and have a long horizon. In this paper, we propose a peer identification reward, which rewards the learning agent based on how well it can identify the behavior pattern of the peer over the historical context, such as the observation over multiple episodes. This reward motivates the agent to learn a context-aware policy for effective exploration and fast adaptation, i.e., to actively seek and collect informative feedback from peers when uncertain about their policies and to exploit the context to perform the best response when confident. We evaluate our method on diverse testbeds that involve competitive (Kuhn Poker), cooperative (PO-Overcooked), or mixed (Predator-Prey-W) games with peer agents. We demonstrate that our method induces more active exploration behavior, achieving faster adaptation and better outcomes than existing methods.
PDF: Fast Peer Adaptation with Context-aware Exploration.pdf
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