Finding Increasingly Large Extremal Graphs with AlphaZero and Tabu Search

Abbas Mehrabian, Ankit Anand, Hyunjik Kim, Nicolas Sonnerat, Matej Balog, Gheorghe Comanici, Tudor Berariu, Andrew Lee, Anian Ruoss, Anna Bulanova, Daniel Toyama, Sam Blackwell, Bernardino Romera Paredes, Petar Veličković, Laurent Orseau, Joonkyung Lee, Anurag Murty Naredla, Doina Precup, Adam Zsolt Wagner
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence, Artificial Intelligence (cs.AI), Discrete Mathematics (cs.DM), Machine Learning (cs.LG)
2023-11-05 16:00:00
This work studies a central extremal graph theory problem inspired by a 1975 conjecture of Erd\H{o}s, which aims to find graphs with a given size (number of nodes) that maximize the number of edges without having 3- or 4-cycles. We formulate this problem as a sequential decision-making problem and compare AlphaZero, a neural network-guided tree search, with tabu search, a heuristic local search method. Using either method, by introducing a curriculum -- jump-starting the search for larger graphs using good graphs found at smaller sizes -- we improve the state-of-the-art lower bounds for several sizes. We also propose a flexible graph-generation environment and a permutation-invariant network architecture for learning to search in the space of graphs.
PDF: Finding Increasingly Large Extremal Graphs with AlphaZero and Tabu Search.pdf
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