Intelligent Surfaces Empowered Wireless Network:Recent Advances and The Road to 6G

Qingqing Wu, Beixiong Zheng, Changsheng You, Lipeng Zhu, Kaiming Shen, Xiaodan Shao, Weidong Mei, Boya Di, Hongliang Zhang, Ertugrul Basar, Lingyang Song, Marco Di Renzo, Zhi-Quan Luo, Rui Zhang
Computer Science, Information Theory, Information Theory (cs.IT), Signal Processing (eess.SP)
2023-12-28 00:00:00
Intelligent surfaces (ISs) have emerged as a key technology to empower a wide range of appealing applications for wireless networks, due to their low cost, high energy efficiency, flexibility of deployment and capability of constructing favorable wireless channels/radio environments. Moreover, the recent advent of several new IS architectures further expanded their electromagnetic functionalities from passive reflection to active amplification, simultaneous reflection and refraction, as well as holographic beamforming. However, the research on ISs is still in rapid progress and there have been recent technological advances in ISs and their emerging applications that are worthy of a timely review. Thus, we provide in this paper a comprehensive survey on the recent development and advances of ISs aided wireless networks. Specifically, we start with an overview on the anticipated use cases of ISs in future wireless networks such as 6G, followed by a summary of the recent standardization activities related to ISs. Then, the main design issues of the commonly adopted reflection-based IS and their state-of-theart solutions are presented in detail, including reflection optimization, deployment, signal modulation, wireless sensing, and integrated sensing and communications. Finally, recent progress and new challenges in advanced IS architectures are discussed to inspire futrue research.
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