Metadata-Driven Federated Learning of Connectional Brain Templates in Non-IID Multi-Domain Scenarios

Geng Chen, Qingyue Wang, Islem Rekik
Computer Science, Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (cs.CV)
2024-03-14 00:00:00
A connectional brain template (CBT) is a holistic representation of a population of multi-view brain connectivity graphs, encoding shared patterns and normalizing typical variations across individuals. The federation of CBT learning allows for an inclusive estimation of the representative center of multi-domain brain connectivity datasets in a fully data-preserving manner. However, existing methods overlook the non-independent and identically distributed (non-IDD) issue stemming from multidomain brain connectivity heterogeneity, in which data domains are drawn from different hospitals and imaging modalities. To overcome this limitation, we unprecedentedly propose a metadata-driven federated learning framework, called MetaFedCBT, for cross-domain CBT learning. Given the data drawn from a specific domain (i.e., hospital), our model aims to learn metadata in a fully supervised manner by introducing a local client-based regressor network. The generated meta-data is forced to meet the statistical attributes (e.g., mean) of other domains, while preserving their privacy. Our supervised meta-data generation approach boosts the unsupervised learning of a more centered, representative, and holistic CBT of a particular brain state across diverse domains. As the federated learning progresses over multiple rounds, the learned metadata and associated generated connectivities are continuously updated to better approximate the target domain information. MetaFedCBT overcomes the non-IID issue of existing methods by generating informative brain connectivities for privacy-preserving holistic CBT learning with guidance using metadata. Extensive experiments on multi-view morphological brain networks of normal and patient subjects demonstrate that our MetaFedCBT is a superior federated CBT learning model and significantly advances the state-of-the-art performance.
PDF: Metadata-Driven Federated Learning of Connectional Brain Templates in Non-IID Multi-Domain Scenarios.pdf
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