MKF-ADS: A Multi-Knowledge Fused Anomaly Detection System for Automotive

Pengzhou Cheng, Zongru Wu, Gongshen Liu
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence, Artificial Intelligence (cs.AI), Cryptography and Security (cs.CR)
2024-03-07 00:00:00
With the requirements of Intelligent Transport Systems (ITSs) for extensive connectivity of Electronic Control Units (ECUs) to the outside world, safety and security have become stringent problems. Intrusion detection systems (IDSs) are a crucial safety component in remediating Controller Area Network (CAN) bus vulnerabilities. However, supervised-based IDSs fail to identify complexity attacks and anomaly-based IDSs have higher false alarms owing to capability bottleneck. In this paper, we propose a novel multi-knowledge fused anomaly detection model, called MKF-IDS. Specifically, the method designs an integration framework, including spatial-temporal correlation with an attention mechanism (STcAM) module and patch sparse-transformer module (PatchST). The STcAM with fine-pruning uses one-dimensional convolution (Conv1D) to extract spatial features and subsequently utilizes the Bidirectional Long Short Term Memory (Bi-LSTM) to extract the temporal features, where the attention mechanism will focus on the important time steps. Meanwhile, the PatchST captures the combined long-time historical features from independent univariate time series. Finally, the proposed method is based on knowledge distillation to STcAM as a student model for learning intrinsic knowledge and cross the ability to mimic PatchST. In the detection phase, the MKF-ADS only deploys STcAM to maintain efficiency in a resource-limited IVN environment. Moreover, the redundant noisy signal is reduced with bit flip rate and boundary decision estimation. We conduct extensive experiments on six simulation attack scenarios across various CAN IDs and time steps, and two real attack scenarios, which present a competitive prediction and detection performance. Compared with the baseline in the same paradigm, the error rate and FAR are 2.62% and 2.41% and achieve a promising F1-score of 97.3%.
PDF: MKF-ADS: A Multi-Knowledge Fused Anomaly Detection System for Automotive.pdf
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