Pilot Length Optimization with RS-LS Channel Estimation for Extremely Large Aperture Arrays

Mert Alıcıoğlu, Özlem Tuğfe Demir, Emil Björnson
Computer Science, Information Theory, Information Theory (cs.IT), Signal Processing (eess.SP)
2024-02-02 00:00:00
Extremely large aperture arrays can enable unprecedented spatial multiplexing in beyond 5G systems due to their extremely narrow beamfocusing capabilities. However, acquiring the spatial correlation matrix to enable efficient channel estimation is a complex task due to the vast number of antenna dimensions. Recently, a new estimation method called the "reduced-subspace least squares (RS-LS) estimator" has been proposed for densely packed arrays. This method relies solely on the geometry of the array to limit the estimation resources. In this paper, we address a gap in the existing literature by deriving the average spectral efficiency for a certain distribution of user equipments (UEs) and a lower bound on it when using the RS-LS estimator. This bound is determined by the channel gain and the statistics of the normalized spatial correlation matrices of potential UEs but, importantly, does not require knowledge of a specific UE's spatial correlation matrix. We establish that there exists a pilot length that maximizes this expression. Additionally, we derive an approximate expression for the optimal pilot length under low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) conditions. Simulation results validate the tightness of the derived lower bound and the effectiveness of using the optimized pilot length.
PDF: Pilot Length Optimization with RS-LS Channel Estimation for Extremely Large Aperture Arrays.pdf
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