Probing Image Compression For Class-Incremental Learning

Justin Yang, Zhihao Duan, Andrew Peng, Yuning Huang, Jiangpeng He, Fengqing Zhu
Computer Science, Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (cs.CV)
2024-03-10 00:00:00
Image compression emerges as a pivotal tool in the efficient handling and transmission of digital images. Its ability to substantially reduce file size not only facilitates enhanced data storage capacity but also potentially brings advantages to the development of continual machine learning (ML) systems, which learn new knowledge incrementally from sequential data. Continual ML systems often rely on storing representative samples, also known as exemplars, within a limited memory constraint to maintain the performance on previously learned data. These methods are known as memory replay-based algorithms and have proven effective at mitigating the detrimental effects of catastrophic forgetting. Nonetheless, the limited memory buffer size often falls short of adequately representing the entire data distribution. In this paper, we explore the use of image compression as a strategy to enhance the buffer's capacity, thereby increasing exemplar diversity. However, directly using compressed exemplars introduces domain shift during continual ML, marked by a discrepancy between compressed training data and uncompressed testing data. Additionally, it is essential to determine the appropriate compression algorithm and select the most effective rate for continual ML systems to balance the trade-off between exemplar quality and quantity. To this end, we introduce a new framework to incorporate image compression for continual ML including a pre-processing data compression step and an efficient compression rate/algorithm selection method. We conduct extensive experiments on CIFAR-100 and ImageNet datasets and show that our method significantly improves image classification accuracy in continual ML settings.
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