Savvy: Trustworthy Autonomous Vehicles Architecture

Ali Shoker, Rehana Yasmin, Paulo Esteves-Verissimo
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence, Artificial Intelligence (cs.AI), Systems and Control (eess.SY)
2024-02-08 00:00:00
The increasing interest in Autonomous Vehicles (AV) is notable due to business, safety, and performance reasons. While there is salient success in recent AV architectures, hinging on the advancements in AI models, there is a growing number of fatal incidents that impedes full AVs from going mainstream. This calls for the need to revisit the fundamentals of building safety-critical AV architectures. However, this direction should not deter leveraging the power of AI. To this end, we propose Savvy, a new trustworthy intelligent AV architecture that achieves the best of both worlds. Savvy makes a clear separation between the control plane and the data plane to guarantee the safety-first principles. The former assume control to ensure safety using design-time defined rules, while launching the latter for optimizing decisions as much as possible within safety time-bounds. This is achieved through guided Time-aware predictive quality degradation (TPQD): using dynamic ML models that can be tuned to provide either richer or faster outputs based on the available safety time bounds. For instance, Savvy allows to safely identify an elephant as an obstacle (a mere object) the earliest possible, rather than optimally recognizing it as an elephant when it is too late. This position paper presents the Savvy's motivations and concept, whereas empirical evaluation is a work in progress.
PDF: Savvy: Trustworthy Autonomous Vehicles Architecture.pdf
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