Signal Detection for Ultra-Massive MIMO: An Information Geometry Approach

Jiyuan Yang, Yan Chen, Xiqi Gao, Dirk Slock, Xiang-Gen Xia
Computer Science, Information Theory, Information Theory (cs.IT)
2024-01-04 00:00:00
In this paper, we propose an information geometry approach (IGA) for signal detection (SD) in ultra-massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems. We formulate the signal detection as obtaining the marginals of the a posteriori probability distribution of the transmitted symbol vector. Then, a maximization of the a posteriori marginals (MPM) for signal detection can be performed. With the information geometry theory, we calculate the approximations of the a posteriori marginals. It is formulated as an iterative m-projection process between submanifolds with different constraints. We then apply the central-limit-theorem (CLT) to simplify the calculation of the m-projection since the direct calculation of the m-projection is of exponential-complexity. With the CLT, we obtain an approximate solution of the m-projection, which is asymptotically accurate. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed IGA-SD emerges as a promising and efficient method to implement the signal detector in ultra-massive MIMO systems.
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