The site linkage spectrum of data arrays

Christopher Barrett, Andrei Bura, Fenix Huang, Christian Reidys
Computer Science, Information Theory, Information Theory (cs.IT)
2024-01-09 00:00:00
A new perspective is introduced regarding the analysis of Multiple Sequence Alignments (MSA), representing aligned data defined over a finite alphabet of symbols. The framework is designed to produce a block decomposition of an MSA, where each block is comprised of sequences exhibiting a certain site-coherence. The key component of this framework is an information theoretical potential defined on pairs of sites (links) within the MSA. This potential quantifies the expected drop in variation of information between the two constituent sites, where the expectation is taken with respect to all possible sub-alignments, obtained by removing a finite, fixed collection of rows. It is proved that the potential is zero for linked sites representing columns, whose symbols are in bijective correspondence and it is strictly positive, otherwise. It is furthermore shown that the potential assumes its unique minimum for links at which each symbol pair appears with the same multiplicity. Finally, an application is presented regarding anomaly detection in an MSA, composed of inverse fold solutions of a fixed tRNA secondary structure, where the anomalies are represented by inverse fold solutions of a different RNA structure.
PDF: The site linkage spectrum of data arrays.pdf
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