Ultra-Dense Cell-Free Massive MIMO for 6G: Technical Overview and Open Questions

Hien Quoc Ngo, Giovanni Interdonato, Erik G. Larsson, Giuseppe Caire, Jeffrey G. Andrews
Computer Science, Information Theory, Information Theory (cs.IT), Signal Processing (eess.SP)
2024-01-08 00:00:00
Ultra-dense cell-free massive multiple-input multiple-output (CF-MMIMO) has emerged as a promising technology expected to meet the future ubiquitous connectivity requirements and ever-growing data traffic demands in 6G. This article provides a contemporary overview of ultra-dense CF-MMIMO networks, and addresses important unresolved questions on their future deployment. We first present a comprehensive survey of state-of-the-art research on CF-MMIMO and ultra-dense networks. Then, we discuss the key challenges of CF-MMIMO under ultra-dense scenarios such as low-complexity architecture and processing, low-complexity/scalable resource allocation, fronthaul limitation, massive access, synchronization, and channel acquisition. Finally, we answer key open questions, considering different design comparisons and discussing suitable methods dealing with the key challenges of ultra-dense CF-MMIMO. The discussion aims to provide a valuable roadmap for interesting future research directions in this area, facilitating the development of CF-MMIMO MIMO for 6G.
PDF: Ultra-Dense Cell-Free Massive MIMO for 6G: Technical Overview and Open Questions.pdf
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