Where the Really Hard Quadratic Assignment Problems Are: the QAP-SAT instances

Sébastien Verel, Sarah Thomson, Omar Rifki
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence, Artificial Intelligence (cs.AI)
Evolutionary Computation in Combinatorial Optimization Conference (evoCOP), Apr 2024, Aberystwyth, United Kingdom
2024-03-05 00:00:00
The Quadratic Assignment Problem (QAP) is one of the major domains in the field of evolutionary computation, and more widely in combinatorial optimization. This paper studies the phase transition of the QAP, which can be described as a dramatic change in the problem's computational complexity and satisfiability, within a narrow range of the problem parameters. To approach this phenomenon, we introduce a new QAP-SAT design of the initial problem based on submodularity to capture its difficulty with new features. This decomposition is studied experimentally using branch-and-bound and tabu search solvers. A phase transition parameter is then proposed. The critical parameter of phase transition satisfaction and that of the solving effort are shown to be highly correlated for tabu search, thus allowing the prediction of difficult instances.
PDF: Where the Really Hard Quadratic Assignment Problems Are: the QAP-SAT instances.pdf
Empowered by ChatGPT