Bundling by volume exclusion in non-equilibrium spaghetti

I. Bonamassa, B. Ráth, M. Pósfai, M. Abért, D. Keliger, B. Szegedy, J. Kertész, L. Lovász, A. -L. Barabási
Condensed Matter, Disordered Systems and Neural Networks, Disordered Systems and Neural Networks (cond-mat.dis-nn), Statistical Mechanics (cond-mat.stat-mech)
2024-01-04 00:00:00
In physical networks, like the brain or metamaterials, we often observe local bundles, corresponding to locally aligned link configurations. Here we introduce a minimal model for bundle formation, modeling physical networks as non-equilibrium packings of hard-core 3D elongated links. We show that growth is logarithmic in time, in stark contrast with the algebraic behavior of lower dimensional random packing models. Equally important, we find that this slow kinetics is metastable, allowing us to analytically predict an algebraic growth due to the spontaneous formation of bundles. Our results offer a mechanism for bundle formation resulting purely from volume exclusion, and provide a benchmark for bundling activation and growth during the assembly of physical networks.
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