Fate of Quadratic Band Crossing under quasiperiodic modulation

Raul Liquito, Miguel Gonçalves, Eduardo V. Castro
Condensed Matter, Disordered Systems and Neural Networks, Disordered Systems and Neural Networks (cond-mat.dis-nn)
2023-09-06 16:00:00
We study the fate of two-dimensional quadratic band crossing topological phases under a one-dimensional quasiperiodic modulation. By employing numerically exact methods, we fully characterize the phase diagram of the model in terms of spectral, localization and topological properties. Unlike in the presence of regular disorder, the quadratic band crossing is stable towards the application of the quasiperiodic potential and most of the topological phase transitions occur through a gap closing and reopening mechanism, as in the homogeneous case. With a sufficiently strong quasiperiodic potential, the quadratic band crossing point splits into Dirac cones which enables transitions into gapped phases with Chern numbers $C=\pm1$, absent in the homogeneous limit. This is in sharp contrast with the disordered case, where gapless $C=\pm1$ phases can arise by perturbing the band crossing with any amount of disorder. In the quasiperiodic case, we find that the $C=\pm1$ phases can only become gapless for a very strong potential. Only in this regime, the subsequent quasiperiodic-induced topological transitions into the trivial phase mirror the well-known ``levitation and annihilation'' mechanism in the disordered case.
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