Finite-size scaling analysis of the two-dimensional random transverse-field Ising ferromagnet

Jiwon Choi, Seung Ki Baek
Condensed Matter, Disordered Systems and Neural Networks, Disordered Systems and Neural Networks (cond-mat.dis-nn), Statistical Mechanics (cond-mat.stat-mech), Quantum Physics (quant-ph)
Physical Review B 108, 144204 (2023)
2023-10-22 16:00:00
The random transverse-field Ising ferromagnet (RTFIF) is a highly disordered quantum system which contains randomness in the coupling strengths as well as in the transverse-field strengths. In one dimension, the critical properties are governed by an infinite-randomness fixed point (IRFP), and renormalization-group studies argue that the two-dimensional (2D) model is also governed by an IRFP. However, even the location of the critical point remains unsettled among quantum Monte Carlo (QMC) studies. In this work, we perform extensive QMC simulations to locate the quantum critical point and attempt a finite-size scaling analysis to observe the critical behavior. We estimate the critical field strength of the 2D RTFIF as $\Gamma_c = 7.52(2)$, together with critical exponents such as $\beta=1.5(3)$, $\nu = 1.6(3)$, and $z=3.3(3)$ or $\psi=0.50(3)$. We have also considered the McCoy-Wu model, which has randomness in the ferromagnetic coupling strengths but not in the transverse-field strength. Our QMC calculation shows that the critical behavior of the 2D McCoy-Wu model is closer to that of the 2D transverse-field Ising spin glass than to that of the 2D RTFIF. These numerical findings enhance our understanding of disordered 2D quantum systems.
PDF: Finite-size scaling analysis of the two-dimensional random transverse-field Ising ferromagnet.pdf
Empowered by ChatGPT