Fluctuation-Dissipation Relations in the imbalanced Wilson-Cowan model

M. K. Nandi, A. De Candia, A. Sarracino, H. J. Herrmann, L. de Arcangelis
Condensed Matter, Disordered Systems and Neural Networks, Disordered Systems and Neural Networks (cond-mat.dis-nn), Statistical Mechanics (cond-mat.stat-mech)
Phys. Rev. E 107, 064307 (2023)
2023-06-14 16:00:00
The relation between spontaneous and stimulated brain activity is a fundamental question in neuroscience, which has received wide attention in experimental studies. Recently, it has been suggested that the evoked response to external stimuli can be predicted from temporal correlations of spontaneous activity. Previous theoretical results, confirmed by the comparison with MEG data for human brains, were obtained for the Wilson-Cowan model in the condition of balance of excitation and inhibition, signature of a healthy brain. Here we extend previous studies to imbalanced conditions, by examining a region of parameter space around the balanced fixed point. Analytical results are compared to numerical simulations of Wilson-Cowan networks. We evidence that in imbalance conditions the functional form of the time correlation and response functions can show several behaviors, exhibiting also an oscillating regime caused by the emergence of complex eigenvalues. The analytical predictions are fully in agreement with numerical simulations, validating the role of cross-correlations in the response function. Furthermore, we identify the leading role of inhibitory neurons in controlling the overall activity of the system, tuning the level of excitability and imbalance.
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