Frustrated magnets in the limit of infinite dimensions: dynamics and disorder-free glass transition

Achille Mauri, Mikhail I. Katsnelson
Condensed Matter, Disordered Systems and Neural Networks, Disordered Systems and Neural Networks (cond-mat.dis-nn)
2023-11-15 00:00:00
We study the statistical mechanics and the equilibrium dynamics of a system of classical Heisenberg spins with frustrated interactions on a $d$-dimensional simple hypercubic lattice, in the limit of infinite dimensionality $d \to \infty$. In the analysis we consider a class of models in which the matrix of exchange constants is a linear combination of powers of the adjacency matrix. This choice leads to a special property: the Fourier transform of the exchange coupling $J(\mathbf{k})$ presents a $(d-1)$-dimensional surface of degenerate maxima in momentum space. Using the cavity method, we find that the statistical mechanics of the system presents for $d \to \infty$ a paramagnetic solution which remains locally stable at all temperatures down to $T = 0$. To investigate whether the system undergoes a glass transition we study its dynamical properties assuming a purely dissipative Langevin equation, and mapping the system to an effective single-spin problem subject to a colored Gaussian noise. The conditions under which a glass transition occurs are discussed including the possibility of a local anisotropy and a simple type of anisotropic exchange. The general results are applied explicitly to a simple model, equivalent to the isotropic Heisenberg antiferromagnet on the $d$-dimensional fcc lattice with first and second nearest-neighbour interactions tuned to the point $J_{1} = 2J_{2}$. In this model, we find a dynamical glass transition at a temperature $T_{\rm g}$ separating a high-temperature liquid phase and a low temperature vitrified phase. At the dynamical transition, the Edwards-Anderson order parameter presents a jump demonstrating a first-order phase transition.
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