Hebbian Learning from First Principles

Linda Albanese, Adriano Barra, Pierluigi Bianco, Fabrizio Durante, Diego Pallara
Condensed Matter, Disordered Systems and Neural Networks, Disordered Systems and Neural Networks (cond-mat.dis-nn), Machine Learning (stat.ML)
2024-01-13 00:00:00
Recently, the original storage prescription for the Hopfield model of neural networks -- as well as for its dense generalizations -- has been turned into a genuine Hebbian learning rule by postulating the expression of its Hamiltonian for both the supervised and unsupervised protocols. In these notes, first, we obtain these explicit expressions by relying upon maximum entropy extremization \`a la Jaynes. Beyond providing a formal derivation of these recipes for Hebbian learning, this construction also highlights how Lagrangian constraints within entropy extremization force network's outcomes on neural correlations: these try to mimic the empirical counterparts hidden in the datasets provided to the network for its training and, the denser the network, the longer the correlations that it is able to capture. Next, we prove that, in the big data limit, whatever the presence of a teacher (or its lacking), not only these Hebbian learning rules converge to the original storage prescription of the Hopfield model but also their related free energies (and, thus, the statistical mechanical picture provided by Amit, Gutfreund and Sompolinsky is fully recovered). As a sideline, we show mathematical equivalence among standard Cost functions (Hamiltonian), preferred in Statistical Mechanical jargon, and quadratic Loss Functions, preferred in Machine Learning terminology. Remarks on the exponential Hopfield model (as the limit of dense networks with diverging density) and semi-supervised protocols are also provided.
PDF: Hebbian Learning from First Principles.pdf
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