Kardar-Parisi-Zhang Physics in the Density Fluctuations of Localized Two-Dimensional Wave Packets

Sen Mu, Jiangbin Gong, Gabriel Lemarié
Condensed Matter, Disordered Systems and Neural Networks, Disordered Systems and Neural Networks (cond-mat.dis-nn), Quantum Gases (cond-mat.quant-gas), Statistical Mechanics (cond-mat.stat-mech), Chaotic Dynamics (nlin.CD), Quantum Physics (quant-ph)
2023-06-13 16:00:00
We identify the key features of Kardar-Parisi-Zhang universality class in the fluctuations of the wave density logarithm, in a two-dimensional Anderson localized wave packet. In our numerical analysis, the fluctuations are found to exhibit an algebraic scaling with distance characterized by an exponent of $1/3$, and a Tracy-Widom probability distribution of the fluctuations. Additionally, within a directed polymer picture of KPZ physics, we identify the dominant contribution of a directed path to the wave packet density and find that its transverse fluctuations are characterized by a roughness exponent $2/3$. Leveraging on this connection with KPZ physics, we verify that an Anderson localized wave packet in 2D exhibits a stretched-exponential correction to its well-known exponential localization.
PDF: Kardar-Parisi-Zhang Physics in the Density Fluctuations of Localized Two-Dimensional Wave Packets.pdf
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