Phase transition and evidence of fast-scrambling phase in measurement-only quantum circuit

Yoshihito Kuno, Takahiro Orito, Ikuo Ichinose
Condensed Matter, Disordered Systems and Neural Networks, Disordered Systems and Neural Networks (cond-mat.dis-nn), Statistical Mechanics (cond-mat.stat-mech), Quantum Physics (quant-ph)
Phys. Rev. B 108 094104 (2023)
2023-07-13 16:00:00
Information scrambling is nowadays one of the most important topics in various fields of research. Measurement-only circuit (MoC) exhibits specific information scrambling dynamics, depending on the types of projective measurements and their mutual anti-commutativity. The spatial range of the projective measurements in MoCs gives significant influences on circuit dynamics. In this work, we introduce and study long-range MoCs, which exhibit an interesting behavior in their dynamics. In particular, the long-range measurements can induce volume-law phases in MoCs without unitary time evolution, which come from anti-commutative frustration of measurements specific to the long-range MoCs. This phenomenon occurs even in MoCs composed of solely two-body measurements, and it accompanies an entanglement phase transition. Crucially, our numerics find evidences that MoCs can be a fast scrambler. Interplay of high anti-commutativity among measurements and their long-range properties generates fast entanglement growth in the whole system beyond linear-light-cone spreading.
PDF: Phase transition and evidence of fast-scrambling phase in measurement-only quantum circuit.pdf
Empowered by ChatGPT