Quantum Phase Transitions and Dynamics in Perturbed Flatbands

Sanghoon Lee
Condensed Matter, Disordered Systems and Neural Networks, Disordered Systems and Neural Networks (cond-mat.dis-nn), Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics (cond-mat.mes-hall)
2024-01-16 00:00:00
In recent years, there has been a growing interest in flatband systems which exhibit macroscopic degeneracies. These systems offer a valuable mathematical framework for the extreme sensitivity to perturbations and interactions. This sensitivity unveils a wide variety of exotic and unconventional physical phenomena. Moreover, the progress in their experimental realization contributes to the expanding landscape of exploration in this field. This thesis aims to summarize all the works throughout the Ph.D. program. Firstly, an in-depth exploration was conducted on the impact of weak quasiperiodic perturbations on one-dimensional two-band all-bands-flat lattices. These tight-binding Hamiltonian are diagonalized through a sequence of local unitary transformations. By adjusting the quasiperiodic potential parameters, the key achievement involves finding a critical-to-insulator transition and identifying fractality edges in the flatband systems with quasiperiodic perturbations. Next, the investigation delved into the effects of on-site interactions among hard-core bosons in one- and two-dimensional cross-stitch lattices. One key finding is that groundstate energy primarily depends on compact localized states. Moreover, the presence of barriers of compact localized states trap bosons, leading to the emergence of non-ergodic excitation and Hilbert space fragmentation. Lastly, a compact localized eigenstate of the one-dimensional diamond chain using an electric circuit was successfully generated via local (linear and non-linear) driving. This achievement opens up a versatile circuit platform for the generation of flatbands and holds promise for potential applications in the field of quantum information. I hope these collective efforts have expanded the frontiers of the field and made a meaningful contribution to the scientific community.
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