Quasiperiodicity hinders ergodic Floquet eigenstates

Miguel Gonçalves, Pedro Ribeiro, Ivan M. Khaymovich
Condensed Matter, Disordered Systems and Neural Networks, Disordered Systems and Neural Networks (cond-mat.dis-nn)
Phys. Rev. B 108, 104201 (2023)
2023-06-20 16:00:00
Quasiperiodic systems in one dimension can host non-ergodic states, e.g. localized in position or momentum. Periodic quenches within localized phases yield Floquet eigenstates of the same nature, i.e. spatially localized or ballistic. However, periodic quenches across these two non-ergodic phases were thought to produce ergodic diffusive-like states even for non-interacting particles. We show that this expectation is not met at the thermodynamic limit where the system always attains a non-ergodic state. We find that ergodicity may be recovered by scaling the Floquet quenching period with system size and determine the corresponding scaling function. Our results suggest that while the fraction of spatially localized or ballistic states depends on the model's details, all Floquet eigenstates belong to one of these non-ergodic categories. Our findings demonstrate that quasiperiodicity hinders ergodicity and thermalization, even in driven systems where these phenomena are commonly expected.
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