Robust spectral $\pi$ pairing in the random-field Floquet quantum Ising model

Harald Schmid, Alexander-Georg Penner, Kang Yang, Leonid Glazman, Felix von Oppen
Condensed Matter, Disordered Systems and Neural Networks, Disordered Systems and Neural Networks (cond-mat.dis-nn)
2024-01-09 00:00:00
Motivated by an experiment on a superconducting quantum processor [Mi et al., Science 378, 785 (2022)], we study level pairings in the many-body spectrum of the random-field Floquet quantum Ising model. The pairings derive from Majorana zero and $\pi$ modes when writing the spin model in Jordan-Wigner fermions. Both splittings have lognormal distributions with random transverse fields. In contrast, random longitudinal fields affect the zero and $\pi$ splittings in drastically different ways. While zero pairings are rapidly lifted, the $\pi$ pairings are remarkably robust, or even strengthened, up to vastly larger disorder strengths. We explain our results within a self-consistent Floquet perturbation theory and study implications for boundary spin correlations. The robustness of $\pi$ pairings against longitudinal disorder may be useful for quantum information processing.
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