Stark many-body localization with long-range interactions

Xiang-Ping Jiang, Rui Qi, Sheng Yang, Yayun Hu, Guangwen Yang
Condensed Matter, Disordered Systems and Neural Networks, Disordered Systems and Neural Networks (cond-mat.dis-nn)
2023-07-22 16:00:00
In one-dimensional (1D) disorder-free interacting systems, a sufficiently strong linear potential can induce localization of the many-body eigenstates, a phenomenon dubbed as Stark many-body localization (MBL). In this paper, we investigate the fate of Stark MBL in 1D spinless fermions systems with long-range interactions, specifically focusing on the role of interaction strength. We obtain the Stark MBL phase diagrams by computing the mean gap ratio and many-body inverse participation ratio at half-filling. We show that, for short-range interactions, there is a qualitative symmetry between the limits of weak and strong interactions. However, this symmetry is absent in the case of long-range interactions, where the system is always Stark many-body localized at strong interactions, regardless of the linear potential strength. Furthermore, we study the dynamics of imbalance and entanglement with various initial states using time-dependent variational principle (TDVP) numerical methods. We reveal that the dynamical quantities display a strong dependence on the initial conditions, which suggests that the Hilbert-space fragmentation precludes thermalization. Our results demonstrate the robustness of Stark MBL even in the presence of long-range interactions and offer an avenue to explore MBL in disorder-free systems with long-range interactions.
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