Topological effect on the Anderson transition in chiral symmetry classes

Pengwei Zhao, Zhenyu Xiao, Yeyang Zhang, Ryuichi Shindou
Condensed Matter, Disordered Systems and Neural Networks, Disordered Systems and Neural Networks (cond-mat.dis-nn), Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics (cond-mat.mes-hall), Statistical Mechanics (cond-mat.stat-mech)
2024-02-04 00:00:00
The interplay between disorder and weak topology in chiral symmetry classes leads to an intermediate phase between metal and localized phases, dubbed quasi-localized phase, where wave function along a spatial direction with weak topological index is delocalized but exponentially localized along the other directions. In this Letter, we propose a mechanism of the emergent quasi-localized phase in chiral symmetry classes. The Anderson transition in 2D chiral symmetry classes is induced by proliferation of vortex-antivortex pairs of a U(1) phase degree of freedom, while the weak topology endows the pair with Berry phase. We argue that the Berry phase induces spatial polarizations of the pairs along the topological direction through quantum interference effect, and the proliferation of the polarized vortex pairs results in the quasi-localized phase.
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