Array Geometry-Robust Attention-Based Neural Beamformer for Moving Speakers

Marvin Tammen, Tsubasa Ochiai, Marc Delcroix, Tomohiro Nakatani, Shoko Araki, Simon Doclo
Electrical Engineering and Systems Science, Audio and Speech Processing, Audio and Speech Processing (eess.AS), Sound (cs.SD)
2024-02-05 00:00:00
Recently, a mask-based beamformer with attention-based spatial covariance matrix aggregator (ASA) was proposed, which was demonstrated to track moving sources accurately. However, the deep neural network model used in this algorithm is limited to a specific channel configuration, requiring a different model in case a different channel permutation, channel count, or microphone array geometry is considered. Addressing this limitation, in this paper, we investigate three approaches to improve the robustness of the ASA-based tracking method against such variations: incorporating random channel configurations during the training process, employing the transform-average-concatenate (TAC) method to process multi-channel input features (allowing for any channel count and enabling permutation invariance), and utilizing input features that are robust against variations of the channel configuration. Our experiments, conducted using the CHiME-3 and DEMAND datasets, demonstrate improved robustness against mismatches in channel permutations, channel counts, and microphone array geometries compared to the conventional ASA-based tracking method without compromising performance in matched conditions, suggesting that the mask-based beamformer with ASA integrating the proposed approaches has the potential to track moving sources for arbitrary microphone arrays.
PDF: Array Geometry-Robust Attention-Based Neural Beamformer for Moving Speakers.pdf
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