Contrastive Learning With Audio Discrimination For Customizable Keyword Spotting In Continuous Speech

Yu Xi, Baochen Yang, Hao Li, Jiaqi Guo, Kai Yu
Electrical Engineering and Systems Science, Audio and Speech Processing, Audio and Speech Processing (eess.AS), Sound (cs.SD)
2024-01-12 00:00:00
Customizable keyword spotting (KWS) in continuous speech has attracted increasing attention due to its real-world application potential. While contrastive learning (CL) has been widely used to extract keyword representations, previous CL approaches all operate on pre-segmented isolated words and employ only audio-text representations matching strategy. However, for KWS in continuous speech, co-articulation and streaming word segmentation can easily yield similar audio patterns for different texts, which may consequently trigger false alarms. To address this issue, we propose a novel CL with Audio Discrimination (CLAD) approach to learning keyword representation with both audio-text matching and audio-audio discrimination ability. Here, an InfoNCE loss considering both audio-audio and audio-text CL data pairs is employed for each sliding window during training. Evaluations on the open-source LibriPhrase dataset show that the use of sliding-window level InfoNCE loss yields comparable performance compared to previous CL approaches. Furthermore, experiments on the continuous speech dataset LibriSpeech demonstrate that, by incorporating audio discrimination, CLAD achieves significant performance gain over CL without audio discrimination. Meanwhile, compared to two-stage KWS approaches, the end-to-end KWS with CLAD achieves not only better performance, but also significant speed-up.
PDF: Contrastive Learning With Audio Discrimination For Customizable Keyword Spotting In Continuous Speech.pdf
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