CST-former: Transformer with Channel-Spectro-Temporal Attention for Sound Event Localization and Detection

Yusun Shul, Jung-Woo Choi
Electrical Engineering and Systems Science, Audio and Speech Processing, Audio and Speech Processing (eess.AS), Sound (cs.SD)
2023-12-20 00:00:00
Sound event localization and detection (SELD) is a task for the classification of sound events and the localization of direction of arrival (DoA) utilizing multichannel acoustic signals. Prior studies employ spectral and channel information as the embedding for temporal attention. However, this usage limits the deep neural network from extracting meaningful features from the spectral or spatial domains. Therefore, our investigation in this paper presents a novel framework termed the Channel-Spectro-Temporal Transformer (CST-former) that bolsters SELD performance through the independent application of attention mechanisms to distinct domains. The CST-former architecture employs distinct attention mechanisms to independently process channel, spectral, and temporal information. In addition, we propose an unfolded local embedding (ULE) technique for channel attention (CA) to generate informative embedding vectors including local spectral and temporal information. Empirical validation through experimentation on the 2022 and 2023 DCASE Challenge task3 datasets affirms the efficacy of employing attention mechanisms separated across each domain and the benefit of ULE, in enhancing SELD performance.
PDF: CST-former: Transformer with Channel-Spectro-Temporal Attention for Sound Event Localization and Detection.pdf
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