Hyper-parameter Adaptation of Conformer ASR Systems for Elderly and Dysarthric Speech Recognition

Tianzi Wang, Shoukang Hu, Jiajun Deng, Zengrui Jin, Mengzhe Geng, Yi Wang, Helen Meng, Xunying Liu
Electrical Engineering and Systems Science, Audio and Speech Processing, Audio and Speech Processing (eess.AS), Machine Learning (cs.LG)
2023-06-26 16:00:00
Automatic recognition of disordered and elderly speech remains highly challenging tasks to date due to data scarcity. Parameter fine-tuning is often used to exploit the large quantities of non-aged and healthy speech pre-trained models, while neural architecture hyper-parameters are set using expert knowledge and remain unchanged. This paper investigates hyper-parameter adaptation for Conformer ASR systems that are pre-trained on the Librispeech corpus before being domain adapted to the DementiaBank elderly and UASpeech dysarthric speech datasets. Experimental results suggest that hyper-parameter adaptation produced word error rate (WER) reductions of 0.45% and 0.67% over parameter-only fine-tuning on DBank and UASpeech tasks respectively. An intuitive correlation is found between the performance improvements by hyper-parameter domain adaptation and the relative utterance length ratio between the source and target domain data.
PDF: Hyper-parameter Adaptation of Conformer ASR Systems for Elderly and Dysarthric Speech Recognition.pdf
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