Multichannel AV-wav2vec2: A Framework for Learning Multichannel Multi-Modal Speech Representation

Qiushi Zhu, Jie Zhang, Yu Gu, Yuchen Hu, Lirong Dai
Electrical Engineering and Systems Science, Audio and Speech Processing, Audio and Speech Processing (eess.AS), Sound (cs.SD)
2024-01-07 00:00:00
Self-supervised speech pre-training methods have developed rapidly in recent years, which show to be very effective for many near-field single-channel speech tasks. However, far-field multichannel speech processing is suffering from the scarcity of labeled multichannel data and complex ambient noises. The efficacy of self-supervised learning for far-field multichannel and multi-modal speech processing has not been well explored. Considering that visual information helps to improve speech recognition performance in noisy scenes, in this work we propose a multichannel multi-modal speech self-supervised learning framework AV-wav2vec2, which utilizes video and multichannel audio data as inputs. First, we propose a multi-path structure to process multichannel audio streams and a visual stream in parallel, with intra- and inter-channel contrastive losses as training targets to fully exploit the spatiotemporal information in multichannel speech data. Second, based on contrastive learning, we use additional single-channel audio data, which is trained jointly to improve the performance of speech representation. Finally, we use a Chinese multichannel multi-modal dataset in real scenarios to validate the effectiveness of the proposed method on audio-visual speech recognition (AVSR), automatic speech recognition (ASR), visual speech recognition (VSR) and audio-visual speaker diarization (AVSD) tasks.
PDF: Multichannel AV-wav2vec2: A Framework for Learning Multichannel Multi-Modal Speech Representation.pdf
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