Neural Ambisonics encoding for compact irregular microphone arrays

Mikko Heikkinen, Archontis Politis, Tuomas Virtanen
Electrical Engineering and Systems Science, Audio and Speech Processing, Audio and Speech Processing (eess.AS), Sound (cs.SD)
2024-01-11 00:00:00
Ambisonics encoding of microphone array signals can enable various spatial audio applications, such as virtual reality or telepresence, but it is typically designed for uniformly-spaced spherical microphone arrays. This paper proposes a method for Ambisonics encoding that uses a deep neural network (DNN) to estimate a signal transform from microphone inputs to Ambisonics signals. The approach uses a DNN consisting of a U-Net structure with a learnable preprocessing as well as a loss function consisting of mean average error, spatial correlation, and energy preservation components. The method is validated on two microphone arrays with regular and irregular shapes having four microphones, on simulated reverberant scenes with multiple sources. The results of the validation show that the proposed method can meet or exceed the performance of a conventional signal-independent Ambisonics encoder on a number of error metrics.
PDF: Neural Ambisonics encoding for compact irregular microphone arrays.pdf
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