Text-guided HuBERT: Self-Supervised Speech Pre-training via Generative Adversarial Networks

Duo Ma, Xianghu Yue, Junyi Ao, Xiaoxue Gao, Haizhou Li
Electrical Engineering and Systems Science, Audio and Speech Processing, Audio and Speech Processing (eess.AS)
2024-02-24 00:00:00
Human language can be expressed in either written or spoken form, i.e. text or speech. Humans can acquire knowledge from text to improve speaking and listening. However, the quest for speech pre-trained models to leverage unpaired text has just started. In this paper, we investigate a new way to pre-train such a joint speech-text model to learn enhanced speech representations and benefit various speech-related downstream tasks. Specifically, we propose a novel pre-training method, text-guided HuBERT, or T-HuBERT, which performs self-supervised learning over speech to derive phoneme-like discrete representations. And these phoneme-like pseudo-label sequences are firstly derived from speech via the generative adversarial networks (GAN) to be statistically similar to those from additional unpaired textual data. In this way, we build a bridge between unpaired speech and text in an unsupervised manner. Extensive experiments demonstrate the significant superiority of our proposed method over various strong baselines, which achieves up to 15.3% relative Word Error Rate (WER) reduction on the LibriSpeech dataset.
PDF: Text-guided HuBERT: Self-Supervised Speech Pre-training via Generative Adversarial Networks.pdf
Empowered by ChatGPT