VOT: Revolutionizing Speaker Verification with Memory and Attention Mechanisms

Hongyu Wang, Hui Li, Bo Li
Electrical Engineering and Systems Science, Audio and Speech Processing, Audio and Speech Processing (eess.AS), Sound (cs.SD)
2023-12-28 00:00:00
Speaker verification is essentially the process of identifying unknown speakers within an 'open set'. Our objective is to create optimal embeddings that condense information into concise speech-level representations, ensuring short distances within the same speaker and long distances between different speakers. Despite the prevalence of self-attention and convolution methods in speaker verification, they grapple with the challenge of high computational complexity.In order to surmount the limitations posed by the Transformer in extracting local features and the computational intricacies of multilayer convolution, we introduce the Memory-Attention framework. This framework incorporates a deep feed-forward temporal memory network (DFSMN) into the self-attention mechanism, capturing long-term context by stacking multiple layers and enhancing the modeling of local dependencies. Building upon this, we design a novel model called VOT, utilizing a parallel variable weight summation structure and introducing an attention-based statistical pooling layer.To address the hard sample mining problem, we enhance the AM-Softmax loss function and propose a new loss function named AM-Softmax-Focal. Experimental results on the VoxCeleb1 dataset not only showcase a significant improvement in system performance but also surpass the majority of mainstream models, validating the importance of local information in the speaker verification task. The code will be available on GitHub.
PDF: VOT: Revolutionizing Speaker Verification with Memory and Attention Mechanisms.pdf
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