Cosmological Inference using Gravitational Waves and Normalising Flows

Author:

Federico Stachurski, Christopher Messenger, Martin Hendry

Keyword:

General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology, General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (gr-qc)

journal:

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date:

2023-10-19 16:00:00

Abstract

We present a machine learning approach using normalising flows for inferring cosmological parameters from gravitational wave events. Our methodology is general to any type of compact binary coalescence event and cosmological model and relies on the generation of training data representing distributions of gravitational wave event parameters. These parameters are conditional on the underlying cosmology and incorporate prior information from galaxy catalogues. We provide an example analysis inferring the Hubble constant using binary black holes detected during the O1, O2, and O3 observational runs conducted by the advanced LIGO/VIRGO gravitational wave detectors. We obtain a Bayesian posterior on the Hubble constant from which we derive an estimate and 1$\sigma$ confidence bounds of $H_{0} = 74.51^{+14.80}_{-13.63} \: \text{km} \:\text{s}^{-1} \text{Mpc}^{-1}$. We are able to compute this result in $\mathcal{O}(1)$ s using our trained Normalising Flow model.