Gravitational collapse in generalized K-essence emergent Vaidya spacetime via $f(\bar{R},\bar{T})$ gravity

Arijit Panda, Goutam Manna, Saibal Ray, Maxim Khlopov, Md. Rabiul Islam
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology, General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (gr-qc), High Energy Physics - Theory (hep-th)
2023-08-24 16:00:00
This study focuses on investigating the collapse possibilities of the generalized emergent Vaidya spacetime within the framework of $f(\bar{R}, \bar{T})$ gravity, specifically in the setting of K-essence theory. The Dirac-Born-Infeld type non-standard Lagrangian is used in this work to determine the emergent metric $\bar{G}_{\mu\nu}$, which is not conformally equal to the usual gravitational metric. Here, we employ the function $f(\bar{R}, \bar{T})$ to represent the additive character of the emergent Ricci scalar ($\bar{R}$) and trace of the emergent energy-momentum tensor ($\bar{T}$). In our analysis, it can be shown that certain selections of $f(\bar{R}, \bar{T})$ can lead to the presence of a naked singularity resulting from gravitational collapse. Additionally, alternative choices of $f(\bar{R}, \bar{T})$ were found to yield an accelerating universe primarily governed by dark energy. In addition, the investigation revealed the existence of both positive and negative masses, which can be understood as a gravitational dipole. It is also found that the K-essence theory has the potential to serve as both a dark energy framework and a simple gravitational theory at the same time, allowing for the investigation of a wide range of cosmological phenomena.
PDF: Gravitational collapse in generalized K-essence emergent Vaidya spacetime via $f(\bar{R},\bar{T})$ gravity.pdf
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