Modified cosmology from quantum deformed entropy

S. Jalalzadeh, H. Moradpour, P. V. Moniz
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology, General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (gr-qc), High Energy Physics - Theory (hep-th)
Phys. Dark Univ. 42 (2023) 101320
2023-08-22 16:00:00
In Ref. [S. Jalalzadeh, Phys. Lett. B 829 (2022) 137058], Jalalzadeh established that the thermodynamical entropy of a quantum-deformed black hole with horizon area $A$ can be written as $S_q=\pi\sin\left(\frac{A}{8G\mathcal N} \right)/\sin\left(\frac{\pi}{2\mathcal N} \right)$, where $\mathcal N=L_q^2/L_\text{P}^2$, $L_\text{P}$ being the Planck length and $L_q$ denoting, generically, the q-deformed cosmic event horizon distance $L_q$. Motivated by this, we now extend the framework constructed in [S. Jalalzadeh, Phys. Lett. B 829 (2022) 137058] towards the Friedmann and Raychaudhuri equations describing spatially homogeneous and isotropic universe dynamics. Our procedure in this paper involves a twofold assumption. On the one hand, we take the entropy associated with the apparent horizon of the Robertson-Walker universe in the form of the aforementioned expression. On the other hand, we assume that the unified first law of thermodynamics, $dE=TdS+WdV$, holds on the apparent horizon. Subsequently, we find a novel modified cosmological scenario characterized by quantum-deformed (q-deformed) Friedmann and Raychaudhuri equations containing additional components that generate an effective dark energy sector. Our results indicate an effective dark energy component, which can explain the Universe's late-time acceleration. Moreover, the Universe follows the standard thermal history, with a transition redshift from deceleration to acceleration at $z_\text{tran}=0.5$. More precisely, according to our model, at a redshift of $z = 0.377$, the effective dark energy dominates with a de Sitter universe in the long run. We include the evolution of luminosity distance, $\mu$, the Hubble parameter, $H(z)$, and the deceleration parameter, $q(z)$, versus redshift. Finally, we have conducted a comparative analysis of our proposed model with others involving non-extensive entropies.
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