Perturbations of massless external fields in Horndeski hairy black hole

Zhen-Hao Yang, Yun-He Lei, Xiao-Mei Kuang, Jian-Pin Wu
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology, General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (gr-qc)
2023-09-06 16:00:00
In this paper, we study the propagations of external fields in Horndeski theory, including the scalar field, electromagnetic field and Dirac field. We extensively explore the quasinormal frequencies, time evolution, greybody factors and emission rates of those massless perturbing fields by solving the corresponding master equations in the Horndeski hairy black hole. With the use of both numerical and analytical methods, we disclose the competitive/promotional influences of the Horndeski hair, spin and quantum momentum number of the external fields on those phenomenal physics. Our results show that the Horndeski hairy black hole is stable under those perturbations. Moreover, a larger Horndeski hair could enhance the intensity of energy emission rate for Hawking radiation of various particles, indicating that comparing to the Schwarzschild black hole, the Horndeski hariy black hole could have longer or shorter lifetime depending on the sign of the Horndeski hair.
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