General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology, General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (gr-qc)

journal:

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date:

2023-10-14 16:00:00

Abstract

In this paper, we investigate the optical behaviors of a quantum Schwarzschild black hole with a spacetime solution including a parameter $\lambda$ that encodes its discretization. Concretly, we derive the effective potential of such solution. In particular, we study the circular orbits around the quantum black hole. Indeed, we find that the effective potential is characterized by a minimum and a maximum yielding a double photon spheres denoted by $r_{p_1}, r_{p_2}$ respectively. Then, we analyse the double shadow behaviors as a function of the parameter $\lambda$ where we show that it controles the shadow circular size. An inspection of the Innermost Stable Circular Orbits (ISCO) shows that the radius $r_{ISCO}$ increases as a function of $\lambda$. Besides, we find that such radius is equal to $6M$ for an angular momentum $L=2\sqrt{3}$ independently of $\lambda$. A numerical analysis shows that the photon sphere of radius $r_{p_1}$ generates a shadow with a radius larger than $r_{ISCO}$. Thus, a truncation of the effective potential is imposed to exclude such behavior. Finally, the $\lambda$-effect is inspect on the deflection angle of such a black hole showing that it increases when higher values of the parameter $\lambda$ are considered. However, such an increase is limited by an upper bound given by $\frac{6 M}{b}$.