Relative Entropy from Coherent States in Black Hole Thermodynamics and Cosmology

Edoardo D'Angelo
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology, General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (gr-qc), Mathematical Physics (math-ph)
2023-09-03 16:00:00
The aim of this work is to study the role of relative entropy in the thermodynamics of black holes and cosmological horizons. We adapt some recent results on the relative entropy of coherent excitations of the vacuum, to find the variation of generalised entropy of static and dynamical black holes and for cosmological horizons. We review the argument for static black holes by Hollands and Ishibashi (2019) with simple modifications. We link the variation of relative entropy to the growth of the horizon using a conservation law for the stress-energy tensor, and we recover the known results. We then study the application of the same framework to the case of dynamical horizons. We study in detail the case of Vaidya spacetime, and we find that a notion of black hole entropy naturally emerges, equals to one-fourth of the area of the dynamical horizon. In the case of dynamical black holes we find an additional term, which is not present in the static case, and that represents the work done on the black hole. We finally show in a simple case that it is possible to follow the same scheme to assign an entropy to the horizons emerging in cosmological scenarios.
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